How does warfare affect firms’ productivity?

December 2021 | Jola-Sanchez, Andres F.

Warfare afflicts millions and creates unparalleled operational challenges in the developing world. With data from war-torn Colombia, I examine the effects of civil war on firms’ total factor productivity (TFP) using propensity score and conflict hotspot models. I find that warfare increases TFP in service firms, such as public administration and defense, by up to 12.68%, whereas it decreases TFP in manufacturing and other nonservice companies by up to 3.64% a year after a violent episode occurs. This effect stems from intellectual capital growth and service firms’ ability to create value from customer input.



Production and Operations Management

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